Here's the link for a recent 2014 study from Finland: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871614000350
The study is entitled: "The arrest of drivers under the influence as a predictor of subsequent social disadvantage and death."
The Abstract follows:
"Background: The association between DUI (driving under the influence) and disadvantaged social background has been shown in cross-sectional studies, but less is known about the processes behind this phenomenon. We aimed to examine the effect of DUI (driving under the influence) arrest on subsequent social disadvantage in Finland during 1993–2006 to provide more understanding about the dynamics of DUI and marginalization and to study DUI arrest as a potential point of intervention.
Methods: In this longitudinal, register-based study the Register of DUI Suspects (n = 68 894) was linked with the Employment Register. An age- and gender-matched reference population (n = 67 740) was drawn from the general Finnish population. A multi-state model was used to estimate the transition intensities between three different states (advantaged social status/disadvantaged social status/death) among three different DUI groups (alcohol only, prescription drugs, illicit drugs).
Results: Compared to references, the movement of DUI suspects between different social states was more dynamic in that they were more likely to either move to a disadvantaged social state or to an improved status (except DUI suspects using prescription drugs). A DUI's relative risk of death compared to references was high, especially if currently in advantaged social status. The effect of DUI did not diminish over time.
Conclusions: Driving under the influence is associated with an increased long-term risk for social disadvantage. DUI arrest could serve as an opportunity for intervention in the marginalization process."
It's the last sentence that turns on a lightbulb for me. Why? Because over the years of my DUI practice I've heard many clients say that the dui arrest was a "wake up call" that, in effect, opened their eyes to patterns that needed to be addressed in their lives. Of course, the attorney's role is to "get the client off" or to reduce charges and lessen consequences. Another role is to listen, provide counsel, understand the client's predicament and how it affects client long-term.